The SC house the old Confederate veterans called home

Posted by Dave Tabler | September 4, 2015

After her father died in 1904, Frances Miles Hagood (aka “Miss Queen”) inherited his house in Pickens, SC. That same year she married Judge Thomas J. Mauldin, and the two of them remodeled the Hagood house from a simple farmhouse with a detached kitchen to a sumptuous Classical Revival dwelling. They added a detached law office building in the same style.

Judge Mauldin served as judge of the 13th Judicial Circuit of South Carolina from 1914 until his death in 1931. He graduated from The Citadel in 1891 and was admitted to the bar in 1892, but he taught for several years before entering the legal profession.

Hagood Mauldin House, Pickens SCHe was also editor of a local newspaper for a time, and during his lifetime was a Mason, a Shriner, a member of the Sons of the Confederacy, and a member of the Sons of the American Revolution. He and Frances helped organize the Pickens chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which held annual meetings on the grounds of the house for many years to honor surviving veterans of the Civil War.

Frances Hagood Mauldin remained a social leader of the community until her death in 1954, was active in the Daughters of the American Revolution, and was president of the South Carolina Chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy. Each June 2, the old soliders of the Confederacy met at their home for a parade and picnic.

The earliest section of the Hagood-Mauldin House was built about 1856 in Old Pickens Court House. The first owner, James Earle Hagood (1826-1904), son of wealthy landowner Benjamin Hagood, was a public official, lawyer, and planter of Pickens District. Hagood was a merchant until 1856, when he began his public career as Clerk of the Circuit Court of Pickens District, a position he held until 1868. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Hagood was made Commissioner in Charge of the Poor and a member of the Soldiers’ Board of Relief.

He loyally gave material to the cause of the Confederacy. Among his duties, he made several trips to and from the battlefields of Virginia, bringing home the sick and wounded soldiers as well as recovering the bodies of solider who had died in service, and ministering to the destitute and dependent families of the soliders in the field.

When Pickens District was divided into Pickens and Oconee Counties in 1868 Hagood was appointed to the Board of Special Commissioners which was authorized to select a site for the town of New Pickens (the present town of Pickens). He acted as Secretary Treasurer of that Board. He also served as Clerk of the Probate Court in the new county seat and as Clerk of the Board of Pickens County Commissioners (initially convened in 1868).

In that year, he had his house dismantled, the rafters and beams numbered, and moved to New Pickens. He was soon elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives and served Pickens County in the General Assembly 1869-1872 during the same period that he practiced law with partner Joseph J. Norton.

Hagood Mauldin House, Pickens SCIn May 1873, Hagood was appointed Clerk of the United States Circuit Court for the District of South Carolina in Charleston, serving in that capacity for 30 years.

Each room in the Hagood-Mauldin House was heated by a fireplace, and each fireplace mantel and trim has a different design and style. A traditional southern-style deep front porch is located on the west side of the house, with a low sloped roof and round spindle columns to form the entry. The cooking house was to the rear, separated from the main house. Several windows are triple-hung sash with cross lattice glass panels.

The Pickens County Historical Society acquired the house in 1987 from the estate of Mrs. Irma Hendricks Morris, and the home was opened as a fine arts museum in October of the following year. In 1997 the home was accepted onto the National Register of Historic Places.

Source: http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/pickens/S10817739011/

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How could he be a Republican?

Posted by Dave Tabler | September 3, 2015

“The Republican Party can never become strong and deserving of support from the best men of the State until it is purged of people whose only purpose in being in the party is to secure offices. This office-grabbing, selfish class of Republicans has been the disgrace of the Republican Party of the South for years and it must get out … We are going to continue the fight for the organization of the Party in Virginia and we will win.”
—Colonel Campbell Slemp, 1904

How could he be a Republican? This question, the grown- ups in the family did not even attempt to answer. I overheard, as I often did when I was not supposed to be listening, Grandmother ask her daughter, Hagan, to please call Carroll, her only son, at once. She explained that there was a matter she must discuss with him now.

Colonel Campbell Slemp

Colonel Campbell Slemp

Aunt Hagan went for Uncle Carroll immediately. The naughty grandchild disappeared behind the head of Grandmother’s bed – a disappearing act which she had learned, and by which knowledge not meant for one so young could be obtained.

Grandmother’s request was due to the fact that she felt that her son, who was twenty-one, and would cast his first vote in the upcoming election, must hear from her a fair appraisal of her brother, Campbell. The decision, she told her son, was to be made by him and without any pressure from the fact that “your Uncle Cam is my brother, but your Father was a Democrat – always a Democrat – and your Uncle Cam has not always been a Republican.”

Thus, the young man casting his first vote was admonished to weigh matters. The word “high tariff” was used, and distinctly remembered, but a small girl’s expectations had certainly been dampened. Why was he a Republican? This question remained unanswered. The grown-ups in the family simply evaded it.

Why was he a Republican? Uncle Cam, a Republican! As a child in school this question was often raised. School children can be cruel, and as school children, we suffered, especially when those 9th Virginia District campaigns were in full swing.

Prior to 1880, the debt question split the [Democratic] party of the State. Southwest Virginia was confronted with the Whig inheritance of opposition to Democracy and even the most conservative of the Clay Whigs had to be graduated into the Democratic ranks through the name of “Conservative Democrats.” A great number refused to take the degree. So in 1878, a third party, the Readjuster Party, swept the State, producing bitterness of feeling and dividing the Democratic Party.

In 1879 Colonel Slemp was elected to the House of Delegates of Virginia [as a Democrat], where he became an ardent advocate of the readjustment of the State indebtedness.

Numbered among his friends were General Mahone, Senator H. H. Riddleberger, and Honorable John E. Massie. He was reelected to the House of Delegate by a greatly increased majority in 1880. Up to this time, Colonel Slemp was a Democrat. But, along with Mahone and other prominent Readjusters, he became affiliated with the Republican Party and ever afterwards to that party gave his allegiance.

In 1883, he was defeated for State Senate. In 1889, he received the Republican nomination for Lieutenant Governor on a ticket headed by Mahone – an unsuccessful ticket.

But the grand entrance of Colonel Campbell Slemp and Major C. Bascom Slemp, father and son, into active politics in the Ninth Congressional District of the State of Virginia was in 1902, just one year after the introduction of the six-year-old grand niece to Campbell Slemp, and just one year after his visit with John Fox to the White House.

Incidentally, John Fox, in his book ‘Trail of the Lonesome Pine,’ honored Colonel Slemp by calling him Black Hawk of the Cumberland.

Campbell Slemp wanted to make this race well-known throughout the Ninth District. He had represented Lee County for two terms in the House of Delegates; was a presidential elector on the Harrison ticket in 1888; and again on the McKinley slate in 1896. But he was perhaps best known to the voters of the District as the Republican Party nominee for Lieutenant Governor in 1889, on the same ticket which offered General Mahone for Governor. Campbell Slemp’s sons, Bascom and Will, campaigned ardently for their father.

That Colonel Slemp was courageous is found in an editorial from the Tazewell Republican with the lead – To Your Tents

“Under existing conditions it seems to us a useless expenditure of time and energy for the Republicans of the Ninth Congressional District, or even of Virginia, to make any contest in National or State elections.” The newspaper cited the Walton Act and stated that it would be worse than folly for the Republicans to undertake and expect to win in any Congressional District in Virginia.

We have it from [Virginia historian] W. C. Pendleton when he says: “A courageous spirit was found to confront and conquer the obnoxious political conditions in the Ninth District, and on September 3, just two months before the election in November, Slemp as nominated and elected by a majority which was not considered as great as it really was. Yet, it was said of the election that it was the fairest election that had been held in the State for 20 years.”

After this victory, Slemp’s political foes made numerous and vicious attacks upon him. His opponents sneered at his intellectual qualifications. He was too often condemned in his home territory – this, primarily because he had, at the worst possible time, turned Republican.

The New York World, May 14, 1913, commented, “The North can scarcely comprehend how bitter was the abuse visited upon Wise, Longstreet and other Southern leaders when they became Republicans.” And for some of those men this new political faith closed their public careers.

From the article quoted above one finds said of Mr. Wise, “No braver act was ever performed in battle than Wise performed in the Virginia of the new era when he turned from all of his friends and took his post in politics by the side of his freed slaves to seek the right as he saw the right.” In the opinion of the writer, this quotation could as well be applied to Colonel Campbell Slemp.

 

Portion of Colonel Campbell Slemp, by Rose Slemp Quillen, ‘Historical Sketches of Southwest Virginia,’ Publication 5, March 1970, online at http://vagenweb.org/scott/HSpubl33.html

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The ship’s rise was carrying her right into the squall

Posted by Dave Tabler | September 2, 2015

At 3 A.M. a storm began to brew in the northwest, and a few minutes later Commander Zachary Lansdowne, the skipper of the dirigible USS Shenandoah, was back in the control car. The Shenandoah was making little progress against a strong head wind. Lansdowne ordered the man at the elevator controls to bring the ship down to 2,000 feet, in an effort to find a hole in the wall of wind. It was useless.

For an hour and a half the slender airship struggled westward, drifting first to port, then to starboard. At a few minutes after 5 A.M., E. P. Alien, the elevatorman, turned to Lansdowne. “Captain,” he said, a slight undertone of nervousness in his voice, “the ship has started to rise.”

“Check her,” said Lansdowne.

Alien turned the big elevator wheel clockwise to drive the ship down. It was obvious that the Shenandoah was not responding to the controls. Sweat covered Alien’s forehead. “She’s rising two meters per second. I can’t check her, sir.”

Lansdowne ordered engines 4 and 5 speeded up. But despite the increased power, the ship continued to rise.

“I can’t hold her down,” said Alien. There was a note of panic in his voice now. He started to pull the wheel even farther over.

Lansdowne stopped him. “Don’t exceed that angle,” he said in a calm, confident voice that reassured everyone in the cabin. “We don’t want to go into a stall.” He ordered Rudderman Ralph Joffray to change his course to the south.

Joffray tugged his wheel counterclockwise. He had to put his whole body into the effort. “Hard over, sir,” he grunted, “and she won’t take it.”

“I’ve got the flippers down and she won’t check,” said Alien, his voice rising again.

“Don’t worry,” said Lansdowne, as if there were nothing to fear.

In spite of rudders, elevators, and motors, the ship continued to shoot up, tail elevated about fifteen degrees, and to head relentlessly westward, directly into the storm. The dirigible was rolling now like a raft in the sea.

The situation was more serious than the Shenandoah’s crew, at least for the moment, suspected. Down on the ground, in a little Ohio town called Caldwell, a man awakened when the wind slammed the furniture around on his front porch. He went outside, looked up at the sky, and spotted the giant airship. Directly above it was a dark cloud that seemed to be in a great turmoil. It looked to him, he later told friends, “as though two storms had gone together.” And in Ava a woman, seeing the same cloud, called her husband out into the yard. “Come out and see the boiling cloud!” she cried.

What they saw was a line squall gathering directly above the ship. Formed by a clash of opposing winds—one moist and warm, the other dry and cold—such a squall was capable of seizing the Shenandoah, twisting her in different directions, and wringing out her light metal frame. The ship’s rise was carrying her right into the squall.

wreck of the USS Shenandoah in 1925CLICK PHOTO TO SEE MORE DETAIL. The Navy dirigible USS Shenandoah left Lakehurst, NJ, on September 2, 1925, at approximately 4:00 P.M., headed for St. Louis and Detroit. Lieutenant Commander Zachery Lansdowne was in charge, with approximately 36 men on board.

They were traveling over southeastern Ohio when they flew into a severe electrical storm, at approximately 4:00 A.M. The crew changed course almost a dozen times — moving between altitudes of 1,800 and 7,000 feet. However, the air pressure and twisting were so great that the ship broke. The control car that was attached to the underbelly of the airship fell to the ground. Fourteen people died, including Lansdowne. This panorama shows the nose, which continued its flight for 12 miles, landing in Sharon, OH.

—excerpt from ‘Death of a Dirigible,’ by John Toland, American Heritage Magazine, February 1959, Vol 10, Issue 2
full article continues here

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Giant Chro-Mo Ginger Beer, ‘the drink that everybody likes’

Posted by Dave Tabler | September 1, 2015

The following post appears on the Tazewell-Orange.com site, run by Joseph T. Lee III. “This site is my contribution to the preservation of the local history of Southwest Virginia and the Tri-Cities area,” Lee says. “I’ve researched a mostly overlooked industry that affects our lives every day—the soda bottling industry, which I was surprised to find was quite prevalent in the Southwest Virginia area.” This profile of the Was-Cott / Tazewell Manufacturing Company is reprinted here with permission.


In the town of North Tazewell, VA sits a large white building with bricked up windows. This vacant building was once home of one of the largest carbonated beverage bottling plants in Virginia. This company was a North Tazewell landmark from 1910 until 1960.

The company’s name changed at least three times during its life, starting out as The Tazewell Manufacturing Company (1910-1922), The Was-Cott Corporation (1922-1931), and finally The Sun Rise Bottling Company from 1931 until its closing in 1960.
A Lynchburg firm known as Duguid Brothers established the original operation as a wholesale grocery store in the 1890’s, with W. A. Scott as a partner. Scott soon bought out his partners’ interest in the company.

Sometime during 1910 Scott, along with the Tazewell Manufacturing Company, created his most famous soda, Was-Cott Ginger Ale. They placed the first ad for the drink in the September 8, 1911 Clinch Valley News.
Scott continued operation of the store until a fire destroyed the grocery and its subsidiary the Tazewell Manufacturing Company on January 18, 1920.

After the fire, W. A. Scott constructed a new two story brick and concrete plant with a basement, and restarted bottling operations by April 8, 1921, with S. L. Drake returning as superintendent of the Tazewell Manufacturing Company.

Scott equipped the new plant with the most modern machinery at the time. The Was-Cott Corporation was incorporated on April, 23, 1921, with W. A. Scott as President and Treasurer, George W. St. Clair as first Vice President (both of Tazewell, VA), Hiram T. Gates, of Richmond, VA, as Second Vice President, F. H. Forbes, of North Tazewell, VA, as Secretary. Jameson George Buston is listed as a director of the company (he would become very important to the company later on).

For a long time Was-Cott Ginger Ale was distributed to the rest of the nation by train. W. A. Scott had been wise enough to site his buildings right next to the Norfolk and Western railway line. He engaged in a huge advertising campaign in 1923, which ran ads from New York City to Jacksonville, FL. Was-Cott was even distributed to a few foreign countries.

The new Was-Cott bottling plant, built in 1922.

The new Was-Cott bottling plant, built in 1922.

What really helped the brand attain its fame was the A&P grocery store chain distributing the brand in their franchises. I have seen A&P ads from various different eastern states where Was-Cott Ginger Ale holds a prominent place in their roster of ginger ales.

Was-Cott Ginger ale came in three sizes of amber paper-labeled bottles, the 7 ½ oz for five cents, the 12oz for ten cents, and the 16oz for twenty cents.

By 1928 the Was-Cott Corporation was bottling all three types of Was-Cott Ginger Ale (regular, club, and Extra Dry), Orange Crush, Lime Crush, Cherry Crush, Strawberry Crush, Mandalay Punch, Hires Root Beer, and Apple and Peach products. They were also manufacturing/distributing fountain syrups for all of these flavors.

The Was-Cott Corporation was still in operation as of 1928; however, like many businesses Was-Cott was hit hard by the Great Depression, and wound up having to liquidate. W. A. Scott started selling life and automobile insurance by June 6, 1930.

According to the trademark registration of the name ‘Sun Rise’ by the Sun Rise Bottling Company, the first date of the name’s use in commerce was September 1, 1931, with James G. Buston as proprietor. Buston succeeded in keeping the company operating, and broadened the product line to several different products.

The first was a brand known as Giant Chro-Mo Ginger Beer, which was touted in advertising as “the drink that everybody likes.” Apparently everybody didn’t like it, as the brand was gone by the 1940’s; unfortunately there isn’t much left to give us an idea of what flavor this brand was.

3/4 of a pint (12oz) 'Lucky Giant' bottle, dated 1941.

3/4 of a pint (12oz) ‘Lucky Giant’ bottle, dated 1941.

By the 1940’s new brands joined the homegrown ranks under J. G. Buston, one of which is Tazewell Orange, “A Delicious Drink,” which may have very well been inspired by Orange Crush, and is obviously a Tazewell exclusive brand.

The Sun Rise Beverages line, which most likely had been with the company from the start, was created as the flavor line for the company. The first bottles were clear with a black and orange painted-label that would later be redesigned with a rooster crowing at the sunrise.

Then there is 2 TO 1, “Two to one you’ll like, because it’s two to one in your favor,” which was another Tazewell exclusive, most likely a lemon lime type drink much like 7-UP or a grapefruit type drink like Squirt.
Lucky Giant, “A drink that tastes different because it’s made different,” was a cola that was created by the company to market as a franchise drink. I doubt it went too far, as the brand isn’t advertised after World War II.

The last of the Tazewell exclusive brands can be quite possibly described as the most promoted brand of the company aside from Was-Cott Ginger Ale itself, that being Rhythm Punch with the inspiring tagline “Tastes like grapes.” I suspect the flavor and even the name were modified from Mandalay Punch, which the company bottled in the late 1920’s.

Of course the company was still bottling Was-Cott Ginger Ale, which was now in a green painted-label bottle similar to a certain Canadian oriented ginger ale. They picked up other nationally franchised brands like Red Rock Cola, which most likely replaced Lucky Giant; Squirt, which most likely replaced 2 TO 1; and Hires Root Beer, which they had been bottling since the late 1920’s.

The Sun Rise Bottling Company was registered as a partnership on March 24, 1947 between Jameson George Buston, Earl Stanley Wallace, and John Wharton Gillespie. By October 1948 Buston had sold his interest in the company to Wallace and Gillespie.

Was-Cott Ginger Ale died off after it could no longer compete with Canada Dry, which the company picked up to replace the home brand.

It appears that Wallace and Gillespie sold the ‘Sun Rise’ trademark to Sun Rise Inc. of Marshall, MN, which would take the brand national. Eventually the brand would be bottled by Coca-Cola bottlers into the 1970’s.

An advertising thermometer from the Sun Rise Bottling Company of North Tazewell, VA.

An advertising thermometer from the Sun Rise Bottling Company of North Tazewell, VA.

Sun Rise Bottling Company itself continued to bottle Tazewell Orange, Rhythm Punch, and the other national brands till their closing sometime in 1960, when the company sold the plant to the Deskins Supermarket chain, who converted it into a warehouse.

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To understand the Parkers you have to understand their Church

Posted by Dave Tabler | August 31, 2015

The Parkers of Lawrence and Pike County Kentucky grew with a community obligated to raise up their children in the “good old fashioned way.”

Walter Parker (1911-1986) was known for his no-nonsense manner. He was a stern, strict father who demanded compliance with what he knew to be right. He’d often mete out physical punishment if a child (or grandchild) misbehaved. Some of his offspring believe he was a “mean spirited” man, others felt he did what he had to “keep everyone in line.” The truth probably lies somewhere in the middle.

Walter spent much time socializing with church members. Walter and other Brothers of the Church would meet at his home to discuss aspects of doctrine, church business, and the behavior of its members. Walter’s keen insights and witty comments of human behavior would often short-circuit growing tension between members. He was often heard telling them, and his children, they were confounded fools, admonishing them to “use their heads for something besides a hat rack.”

Walter & Eddie Parker, Raccoon KYTo understand the Parkers you have to understand their Church and its beliefs. The Old Regular Baptists were formed in 1854 to retain their “old fashioned Ways.”

Old Regular Baptists are known for their community-based support. Preachers have outside sources of income, and do not require religious education to preach. Old Regular Baptists do not separate children in Sunday schools, but include them patiently in their 3-to-4-hour long, once-a-month services (the other Sundays are days to visit other Old Regular Baptist Churches).

Old Regular Baptists literally follow Jesus’ admonitions. They continue to baptize church members in bodies of water, practice laying on of hands for the anointing of preachers, and foot washing for all members during annual communion.

Members are admonished publicly for un-Christian behavior including drunkenness, womanizing, or feuding. Through public acts of remorse, an erring Member may be “retained” or “restored” by and to the Church.

Church Minutes of the pre-Civil War era noted “disclusion” or being dismissed by the Church for various offences including lack of attendance, dancing, using foul language (usually spoken by women), beating of slaves (slaves, denoted as “Brothers” in church minutes, were also members of the white Baptist church), gambling on horseraces or elections, card-playing, gossip, and physical fights with another Church member.

Church members could, by means of a written letter of dismissal/dismission (akin to a letter of introduction), join another Old Regular Baptist Church. Each Church would, through the letter, vouch for the character of the Member, as the Brothers would jointly bear all responsibility for the behaviors of their church fellows.

Worship is conducted in plain churches. Members gather around 9:30 Sunday mornings. Services begin with hearty handshakes and a song sung a cappella by a member so moved to begin the service. The ancient hymns are sung in what is known as the lined-out manner. The member that has begun the song will, throughout the song, sing the verse before the congregation repeats the slow singing of that verse. Members are encouraged to personalize their worship through emotional, forceful singing.

Membership in an Old Regular Baptist Church required the members display public modesty, humility and strength of character. The physical rites of handshaking, baptism, feet washing and singing encouraged long-lasting friendships and emotional rites of healing among the members.

Although demanding, the church also encouraged emotional expression and offered a safe place to experience the joyful grace of living in the Spirit.

Source: http://files.usgwarchives.net/ky/pike/bios/parker368gbs.txt

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